Principle 6 is about a school’s primary focus – learning, however this principle examines the differences between teaching and learning and what that means for educators. A school with a focus on character must embrace teaching students, even if they are not academically inclined or they appear unmotivated to learn.
Respecting all learners
To develop character in students, educators must demonstrate character by acknowledging and respecting the individual differences in each student. It may seem daunting to offer a meaningful and challenging academic curriculum that respects all learners, but it is necessary for effective teaching and authentic learning.
Schools must think beyond traditional, comfortable teaching methods and instead teach children where they are at academically – not where the mandated curriculum indicates they should be. Those who teach with character as a frame know that educators must close academic gaps before seeing academic gains.
Developing student character is the most important and challenging task for educators. When students are respected, supported, and appropriately challenged in the classroom, character will develop.
Allowing students to question, challenge, and think critically will impact how they interact with others and mature as learners. Encouraging risk and teaching students that failure and trying again are part of learning will develop students who work hard, persevere, and learn to succeed in school and beyond.
Helping students succeed is not about making school easy, but about:
Creating competence and a hunger for learning
Understanding in the importance of goals
Developing the confidence and motivation in students to achieve their goals
School success is about more than grades, it is about learning, setting goals, and being tenacious and confident in achieving them.
When students believe in themselves and love to learn, they are on their way to productive, successful lives.
Principle 6 challenges many educators because it is not about teaching character; it is about living character in classroom routines, conversations, and through the curriculum and teaching. This principle essentially demands a focus that ensures learning, and not just teaching.
Slowing down and/or re-teaching concepts as well as challenging students to move faster, when they are able, is difficult, if not impossible with traditional “conveyer-belt” instruction. “Differentiated instruction” becomes an organic result in Schools of Character. Principle 6 challenges educators to consistently demonstrate character by finding ways to meet the academic needs of all students.
Guffey Elementary in Fenton, Missouri has developed a strength and focus on academics, and they are proud of the fact that all of their students are learning. They have an understanding of the curriculum and made great strides in instructional strategies that keep students interested and engaged. Professional development opportunities in Kagan strategies, Grammar Punk, etc. have helped teachers ensure learning at every level. The use of technology and interactive programs is another key to student engagement and success in academics. They seek ways to help all students learn despite learning disabilities, socio-economic challenges, and high mobility rates. Continuously improving test scores have others in the district and surrounding schools asking for their “secret.” The secret may very well be that they have strategic academic goals and they are consistent in their expectations and approaches.
James Geisler Middle School
James Geisler Middle School in Walled Lake, MI uses inquiry-based lessons, and visual thinking strategies to motivate students to learn in community, while teachers can formatively assess student concept mastery, standards-based grading, and other research supported instructional practices help close achievement gaps and challenge the students who are ready to soar. Their Learning Essential classes offer an opportunity for filling gaps in needed areas for identified students. Student achievement is a community-wide goal, and everyone contributes to the instructional goals.
Donald Stewart Center for Early Childhood School
Donald Stewart Center for Early Childhood School No. 51 in Elizabeth, New Jersey is a dual language school and students alternate between English and Spanish classrooms every two weeks. The team teachers and parents work collaboratively to identify the diverse cultures and individual needs of each student in the learning process. The school utilizes the High Scope Approach, which encourages the teacher to serve as a facilitator for students as they take on a leadership role and learn through play and interaction in their environment. The teachers promote the development of performance character traits through the use of the Second Step character building program which is incorporated into daily lesson plans. Students are never too young for educators to hold high standards for them!
How will finding ways to ensure learning for all students impact the development of character in both students and staff?
Look critically at your own school or district. Do the needs of teachers and students come first?
Highland STEM School is about to evaluate their teaching and learning according to the criteria in Principle 6. Which of the following criteria is not directly related to Principle 6?
Research that Supports Principle 6
Addressing a student’s learning style through flexible teaching to address learning styles is important. It results in improved achievement and attitude improvement in students from a wide range of cultural groups.
Sullivan, M. (1996). “A meta-analysis of experimental research studies based on the Dunn and Dunn learning, styles model and its relationship to academic achievement.” National Forum of Applied Educational Research Journal l0(l).
Multi-year studies in an elementary and high school indicate positive and sustained achievement gains for students in all segments of the achievement spectrum and in a range of subject areas as a result of differentiated instruction. In the high school, the student dropout rate has also fallen sharply and student participation in Advanced Placement courses has risen by almost half. AP exam scores held steady or rose despite the increased enrollment. On both sites, a school-wide emphasis on differentiation has continued for at least seven years and achievement gains have continued over that time span.
Tomlinson, C., Brimijoin, K., & Narvaez, L (2008). The differentiated school: Making revolutionary changes in teaching and learning. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.
Authored by Amy Johnston, Ed.D.